The Five Colleges of Ohio
Teagle Foundation

Creative Thinking: Resources

(annotations provided by Steven Tepper and Nancy Grace)

Balchin, Tom. “Assessing Students’ Creativity: Lessons from Research.”

Byron, Kevin (2006). “Creative Problem-Solving.”

Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly (1996).  Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention.  
He has written a lot about the creative personality and the social context of creativity. I think for your purposes, you might want to learn something about the concept of flow and then his thoughts about ways to enhance creativity.  Try chapters 5 and 14 – ST.

Cunliffe, Leslie (2007). “Using Assessment in Knowledge-Rich Forms of Learning and Creativity to Nurture Self-Regulated Strategic Intelligence.” Paper presented at the Creativity or Conformity Conference, Cardiff, Wales, January 2007. 

Cunliffe, Leslie (2007). “What can virtue thought contribute to reconceptualising art education aimed at nurturing sustainability, and how can such an approach be of general benefit to interdisciplinary education?” Paper presented at the Creativity or Conformity Conference, Cardiff, Wales, 2007.

Elbow, Peter. “The Doubting and Believing Game – An Analysis of the Intellectual Enterprise” in Writing Without Teachers. Second Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc. 1998.
This essay, written by a pioneer in composition pedagogy and first published in 1973, is still one of the most astute and reader-friendly explorations of critical and creative thinking available -- NG

Ivey, Bill (2005). “America Needs a New System for Supporting the Arts.” the Chronicle of Higher Education. Feb. 4. See also

_____ and Steven J. Tepper (2006). “Cultural Renaissance or Cultural Divide?” the Chronicle of Higher Education. May 19. See also

Jackson, Norman and Malcolm Shaw. “Subject Perspectives on Creativity: a Preliminary Synthesis. "

Kleiman, Paul. (2005). “Beyond the Tingle Factor: creativity and assessment in higher education”

Lafferty, Susan F. (2004). “An Overview of Creativity and Problem-Solving in Four-Year Colleges and Universities.”  Kansas City, MO: Morgan Kaufman Foundation.

Loveless, Avril,. Literature Review in Creativity, New Technologies and Learning: A Report for NESTA FutureLab.   (2002).
Some good background material -- ST
This essay also focuses on digital technology and creativity – NG.

Mansilla, Veronica Boix (2004). “Assessing Student Work at Disciplinary Crossroad” (Interdisciplinary Studies Project, Project Zero, Harvard Graduate School of Education). Available at

Mansilla, Veronica Boix and Elizabeth Dawes (2004). “Toward a Framework for Assessing Students’ interdisciplinary Work” (Interdisciplinary Studies Project, Project Zero, Harvard Graduate School of Education). Available at

Pink, Daniel. A Whole New Mind. (2005)
Skim chapters 4-9 – the Six Senses. I think these are useful to think about when assessing creativity. How does classroom instruction draw out, draw upon or assess these six ways of perceiving and acting on the world?  -- ST

Schunn, Christian C. et al. (2006). “Final Report from the NSF Innovation and Discovery Workshop: The Scientific Basis of Individual and Team Innovation and Discovery.

Sternberg, Robert (1999).  Handbook of Creativity. 
I suggest reading the following chapters:
Chapter 3: “Psychometric approaches to the study of human creativity” by Plucker and Renzulli
Chapter 10: “Creative Cognition” by Ward, Smith and Finke (this is a good overview of how the mind works and different forms of creativity)
Chapter 15:  “Motivation and Creativity” by Collins and Amabile (Teresa Amabile has spent her life showing that creativity must be internally motivated and that external motivation – like grades or money—actually hinder the creative process).
Chapter 20: “Enhancing Creativity” by Nickerson – ST.
The introductory chapters on the history of creativity research are very good too – NG.

Sternberg, Robert et al. (2006). “The Rainbow Project: Enhancing the SAT through assessments of analytical, practical, and creative skills.Intelligence 34: 321-350.

Sternberg, Robert & Elena Grigorenko (2000). Teaching for Successful Intelligence. Arlington Heights, IL: Skylight Training and Publishing Inc.

Tepper, Steven (2004). “The Creative Campus: Who’s No. 1?” the Chronicle of Higher Education. Oct. 1. See also

_____. (2006).  “the Creative Campus Initiative has left the Station. One of its Engineers Explains where the Tracks lead and how to Sound the Whistle.”

Web Resources

The Higher Education Academy (UK)   

The Creative Education Foundation   

 The American Creativity Association

 The International Center for Studies in Creativity (Buffalo State University)
Resources page (an excellent site)