PSCI 120-01: INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS  

 

Fall Semester, 2011

MWF, 10:00-10:50, in Kauke 143

 

Professor: Matthew Krain

Office: Kauke 104; x2469

mkrain@wooster.edu

 

Office Hours: Monday, 11-12; Wednesday, 3-4; Thursday, 1-2, and by appointment

 

 

COURSE DESCRIPTION

This course serves as an introduction to the study of international relations.  As such, it is appropriate for both majors and non-majors, and for first year students through seniors. Background in the subject is not necessary.  We will cover numerous subjects of interest in global politics including: a brief history of international relations, its relation to our current era in global politics, foreign policy, cooperation and conflict, arms races, arms control, international and internal war, ethnic conflict and nationalism, terrorism, international law and organizations, globalization and the world political economy, global environmental problems and other trans-boundary issues.  The goal of the course is to provide students with the intellectual tools necessary to analyze developments in international relations critically and creatively.

 

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

By the end of the course, students should be able to:

- think critically about the international system and its effects on state and non-state actors.

- demonstrate knowledge and understanding of various analytical tools, including key concepts and theories in international relations. 

- demonstrate knowledge of substantive information about key political actors, institutions, issues and events in the international system, and how they are interrelated. 

- apply the analytical skills learned in class to understand and explain global political phenomena or international relations-related events in a given country or region.

 

READINGS

We will primarily be using the following reading materials:

 

-    Joshua S. Goldstein and Jon C. Pevehouse (2012). International Relations. Brief 6th Edition. New York: Pearson Longman (ISBN 978-0-205-05958-4)

*   NOTE: You can rent an on-line version of the textbook for 180 days at a reduced price at: http://www.coursesmart.com/9780205082193?__professorview=false

 

-    Donald M. Snow (2012). Cases In International Relations. 5th Edition. New York: Pearson Longman (ISBN 978-0-205-00582-6)

*  NOTE: You can rent an on-line version of the textbook for 180 days at a reduced price at: http://www.coursesmart.com/9780205084012?__professorview=false

 

Supplementary readings will be available on the World-Wide-Web, on our class web page, at: http://www3.wooster.edu/polisci/mkrain/iir11.html, or on electronic reserve through the library (http://eres.library.denison.edu/eres/coursepass.aspx?cid=3877, password = "irintro")

 

We will also be viewing a film depicting the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis: Thirteen Days. It will be on reserve and available to be viewed in the library's Audio-Visual laboratory. I will also do an evening showing of the film prior to the class in which we will discuss and analyze the Cuban Missile Crisis.

 

Finally, you are expected to keep up with news around the world. This will require you to get your news from multiple reputable sources that have substantial global coverage. Two particularly noteworthy and reliable sources that you can access online are The New York Times at http://www.nytimes.com and the BBC World Service at http://www.bbc.co.uk.

 

All readings MUST be completed by the class session for which they are assigned. They will be necessary background for lectures and discussion, and you will be held responsible for them, both in class and on exams.

 

GRADING

The grades will be assigned as follows:

 

20%: Exam #1                                                        

20%: Exam #2                                                        

30%: Exam #3 (Final)                                             

10% (5% each): Short Papers (2)                           

20%: Participation and Professionalism                 

 

As stated in The College of Wooster Catalogue, letter grades are defined as:

 

"A range" indicates an outstanding performance in which there has been distinguished achievement in all phases of the course

 

"B range" indicates a good performance in which there has been a high level of achievement in some phases of the course

 

"C range" indicates an adequate performance in which a basic understanding of the subject has been demonstrated

 

"D range" indicates a minimal performance in which despite recognizable deficiencies there is enough to merit credit

 

F or NC indicates unsatisfactory performance

 

EXAMS

There will be three exams during the semester. The first exam will focus specifically on the first part of the semester. The second exam will focus on primarily on the second section, but may include elements that are cumulative. The final exam will be cumulative, although much of it will draw heavily from the material covered in the last section of the class. Exams will be some combination of multiple choice, short answer, and essay questions, and may include questions related to global geography of regions that we discuss in class, or that are highly relevant to current world events. You can explore http://www.lizardpoint.com/fun/geoquiz/ to help familiarize yourself with global geography. ON EXAMS, AS WITH ANY OTHER ASSIGNMENTS IN THIS CLASS, CHEATING WILL NOT BE TOLERATED, AND WILL RESULT IN AUTOMATIC FAILURE FOR THE COURSE!

 

SHORT PAPERS

There are no typical 'semester papers' for this class. Instead, you will be required to submit two short written assignments. Detailed instructions for these assignments will be handed out in class on an assignment-to-assignment basis. Until then, here is a brief description of each assignment:

 

1.     Policy Paper on Issues Raised in Readings and Class (due day of issue discussion)

You will be responsible for one short (3-6 page) policy paper over the course of the semester. Each opportunity to write policy papers will be associated with a set of readings and in-class discussion about a particular policy issue or case. Students will be the primary instigators of discussion and debate over these issues during the associated class session. The policy paper is due at the beginning of the class session with which it is associated. Each policy paper should state the problem or situation, summarize the policy options, recommend some action be taken, and explain the reasons for the recommendation. When writing the policy paper you may want to think of yourself as a consultant writing a memo to your client that outlines the situation and what action should be taken to address that situation. A good policy brief is clear and concise, and demonstrates knowledge of the policy problem, intelligently discusses options available, and makes a persuasive case for which policy option is best. Further details will be distributed and/or discussed by the instructor in class.

 

2.     Working Paper for Simulation: Refugees, Displaced Peoples, and Forced Migration (Due October 31st, 2011)

Working papers are short (2-3 page) documents that outline a country's position on a given problem, and suggest appropriate policy proposals.  Each student will choose a country that they will represent at the mini-conference that we will hold on the issue of refugees, displaced peoples, and forced migration. Students will then be required to complete working papers for their country on that issue, in advance of the mini-conference, for distribution to the entire class. Students will also use these working papers as jumping-off points for their participation in the mini-conference.

 

NOTE: You are required to use the following style manual for all papers in this class: American Political Science Association (2006). The Style Manual for Political Science. Washington, DC: APSA.  http://www.ipsonet.org/data/files/APSAStyleManual2006.pdf

 

PARTICIPATION and PROFESSIONALISM

Participation is encouraged and required in this class. Due to the short period of time we will have in which to cover a great deal of material, your input and feedback is essential to the smooth and efficient running of the class. To that end, be sure to have read the materials pertaining to that day's discussion BEFORE that class period! My hope is that the classroom will contain an atmosphere in which ideas and opinions will be welcomed and addressed.  Discussion may have to be curtailed, however, in the interests of covering the material.

 

In this class, however, you will be graded on more than just participation. You are beginning your life as both adults and social scientists, and as such you are expected to act in a professional manner. Therefore this component of your grade is a grade for your degree of professionalism. "Professionalism" includes participation, but also refers to factors such as attendance, promptness, courtesy to the instructor and fellow students, overall improvement, and other intangibles, to be evaluated and assigned at the discretion of the instructor.

 

NOTES

Note #1: Please turn off cell phones and other electronic devices before class begins as a courtesy to others. If you bring a laptop computer to class, it should be used for note-taking only.

 

Note #2: Assignments are due at the beginning of class on the due date. Any missed assignment or unexcused exam absence is subject to an automatic failing grade for the course (in other words, you cannot pass the class unless you do all of the work!). Late written assignments will be graded down one full letter grade for each day late. A paper handed in five minutes after the deadline is considered a day late. If you anticipate missing an exam or a paper deadline, consult with the instructor as soon as possible.

 

Note #3: Students are encouraged to study together and assist one another in learning the material. It is assumed that you have done your own work, and that you conduct yourself according to the expectations laid out in the Wooster Ethic and the Code of Academic Integrity, as enumerated in the Scot's Key (http://www.wooster.edu/Student-Life/Dean-of-Students/The-Scots-Key). Students are reminded that they are obliged to understand, to uphold, and to comply with the Code of Academic Integrity and the Wooster Ethic at the College of Wooster. Students who have questions or concerns about these policies (after having read them again) should make an appointment to see me to discuss them; indeed, I welcome this discussion and encourage students to see me in advance of any assignment about which they have doubts or questions. PLEASE NOTE THAT ANY VIOLATION OF THE WOOSTER ETHIC AND/OR THE CODE OF ACADEMIC INTEGRITY MEANS THE STUDENT'S IMMEDIATE FAILURE IN THE COURSE, AS WELL AS POSSIBLE SUBSEQUENT ACADEMIC DISCIPLINARY ACTION.

 

Note #4: Students are encouraged to discuss assignments with me during office hours. However, students seeking to change their grade on an assignment or essay portion of an exam should be advised that I reserve the right to alter your grade in either direction (i.e.- if new problems are found during the re-grade the grade would go down).

 

 

Note #5: I am happy to assist you in any way, but cannot do so retroactively. Thus, it is your responsibility to inform me ahead of time about factors that are likely to interfere with your performance in the class. Measures for students with disabilities, non-native writers of English and other special issues will be taken in compliance with the college's policies.

 

 

SCHEDULE OF TOPICS AND READINGS

 

I. Introduction to International Relations

 

8/29: An Introduction to Introduction to International Relations

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 1 (pp. 1-10)

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, "Careers In International Relations" (pp. 392-395)

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, "Map: World States and Territories" (pp. 396-397)

 

8/31: What Does Our International System Look Like? What Challenges Do We Face?

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 1 (pp. 10-24)
-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Global Challenges in 2030 – Joseph S. Nye, Jr. "Diversifying American Power" (pp. 2-3)

-    Barber, Benjamin R. 1992. "Jihad vs. McWorld." Atlantic Monthly. March. http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1992/03/jihad-vs-mcworld/3882/

 

9/2, 9/5: The Historical Development of the International System from 1500 until Today

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 1 (pp. 24-32)

-    Snow, Chapter 1: "Sovereignty: The Legality and Impact of Invading Iraq"

 

9/7: Competing Theories of International Relations – Realism

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 2 (pp. 35-55)

-    Thucydides. 438 BC. "The Melian Dialogue," Ch. 17 in History of the Peloponnesian War. http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/melian.htm

 

9/9: Competing Theories of International RelationsLiberalism

LAST DAY TO ADD A COURSE (9/9)

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 3 (pp. 63-77)

-    Kant, Immanuel. 1795. "Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch" http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/kant/kant1.htm

-    Wilson, Woodrow. 1918. "The Fourteen Points" http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/wilson14.asp

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Global Challenges in 2030 – Michael W. Doyle, "Democratizing World Politics" (pp. 16-17)

 

9/12: Competing Theories of International Relations – Critical Alternatives

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 3 (pp. 86-104)

 

II. Foreign Policy: National Actors and International Interactions

 

* * * Thursday, September 15th – FILM: Thirteen Days * * *

 

9/14, 9/16, 9/19, 9/21: Foreign Policy

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 3 (pp. 78-86)

-    Chicago Council on Global Affairs. 2010. Global Views 2010 – Constrained Internationalism: Adapting to New Realities. September 16, 2010. http://www.thechicagocouncil.org/Files/Studies_Publications/POS/POS2010/Global_Views_2010.aspx [NOTE: on 9/12, students will be assigned chapters to report back on to the class]

-    Pew Global Attitudes Project Web site. http://pewglobal.org/

-    Snow, Chapter 7: "Pivotal States: Confronting and Accommodating Iran"

 

9/23:    REVIEW for EXAM #1

 

9/26:    EXAM #1       

 

III. Global Conflict, Local Security and the Use of Force in International Relations

 

9/28, 9/30, 10/3: Diplomacy: Negotiation, Bargaining, and Power Politics

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 2 (pp. 56-60)

-    McCain. Roger. 2003. "What is Game Theory?" & "The Prisoners' Dilemma." Excerpts from Game Theory: A Non-Technical Introduction to the Analysis of Strategy. South-Western College Publishers. http://faculty.lebow.drexel.edu/McCainR/top/eco/game/game.html

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Global Challenges in 2030 – Shibley Telhami, "Understandng Attitudes on Middle East Peace" (pp. 6-7).
-    Snow, Chapter 4: "Irresolvable Conflicts: The Israeli-Palestinian Impasse"

 

10/5: BRIEFING IN ADVANCE OF WORKING PAPER AND SIMULATION

-    United Nations Population Division. 2009. International Migrant Stock Data. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. http://esa.un.org/migration/

-United Nations High Commiissioner for Refugees. 2011. "History of UNHCR". United Nations High Commiissioner for Refugees.http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646cbc.html

 

10/7, 10/10: Weapons: Arms, Arms Races and Arms Control                                         

LAST DAY TO DROP A COURSE (10/7)

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 4 (pp. 136-145; 149-159)

-    Snow, Chapter 6: "Proliferation: The Case of North Korea"

 

10/12, 10/14: War: Armed Conflict Within or Between States

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 4 (pp. 107-136)

-    Snow, Chapter 5: "Asymmetrical Warfare: The Case of Afghanistan"

-    Anderson, Jon Lee. 2006. "The Battle for Lebanon." The New Yorker. August 7 & 14, 2006.

http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2006/08/07/060807fa_fact

 

10/17: No Class: FALL BREAK

 

10/19, 10/21: Terrorism and Failed States

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 4 (pp. 145-149)

-    Snow, Chapter 16: "Terrorism: The Changing Global Threat"

-    Snow, Chapter 15: "Failed and Failing States: The Case of Pakistan"

-    Traub, James. 2001. "Think Again: Failed States" Foreign Policy. July/August 2001. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/06/20/think_again_failed_states

 

10/24:  REVIEW for EXAM #2

 

10/26:  EXAM #2

 

IV. Global Governance: The Potential for Order and Cooperation in the International System

 

10/28: International Law and Order

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 6 (pp. 207-209; 240-255)

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Global Challenges in 2030 – Beth A. Simmons, "Institutionalizing Human Rights" (pp. 4-5).

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Global Challenges in 2030 – Charli Carpenter, "Securing the Seas" (pp. 10-11).

-    Snow, Chapter 3: "Limits on International Cooperation: War Crimes, The International Criminal Court, and Torture"

 

10/31, 11/2: International Organizations: IGO's and NGO's

WORKING PAPER FOR SIMULATION DUE AT START OF CLASS ON 10/31

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 6 (pp. 209-240)

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Global Challenges in 2030 – Andrew Moravcsik, "Affirming Democracy in International Organizations" (pp. 12-13).

-    Snow, Chapter 8: "Peacekeeping: Humanitarian Disaster and International Responses to Darfur"

 

11/4, 11/7, 11/9: GLOBAL PROBLEMS SUMMIT SIMULATION:

   REFUGEES, DISPLACED PEOPLES, AND FORCED MIGRATION

-    Loescher, Gil. 2009. "Human Rights and Forced Migration" in Human Rights: Politics and Practice, edited by Michael Goodhart. NY: Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 239-259. [E-Reserve]

-    Crisp, Jeff. 2010. "Refugees, Persons of Concern, and People on the Move: The Broadening Boundaries of UNHCR" Refuge 26, 1: 73-76. http://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/refuge/article/view/30611/28121

-    UN News Centre. 2010. "Top UN Refugee Official Calls for Better Protection for Displaced People." United Nations. December 8, 2010. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=36990&Cr=refugees&Cr1=

-    UNHCR. 2011. UNCHR Global Appeal 2011 (update): Finding Durable Solutions. http://www.unhcr.org/4cd9191e9.html

-    UNHCR. 2011. "World Refugee Day: UNHCR Report Finds 80 per cent of World's Refugees in Developing Countries." UNHCR. June 20, 2011. http://www.unhcr.org/4dfb66ef9.html

-    WATCH VIDEO: UNHCR. 2011. Global Trends Report 2010. http://unhcr.org/v-4dff6b8d6

 

11/11: SIMULATION DEBRIEFING

-    Snow, Chapter 14: "International Migration: The U.S.-Mexican Border"

 

V. The Political Economy of Globalization: Interdependence and Trans-boundary Issues

 

11/14, 11/16: International Political Economy: Trade

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 5 (pp. 163-186)

-    Snow, Chapter 9: "Free Trade: From ITO to WTO and Beyond"

-    O'Rourke, Kevin. 2008. "The Politics of Globalization." The International Economy 22, 2: 36-40. http://www.international-economy.com/Summer2008archive.htm

 

11/18, 11/21: International Political Economy: Money and Business

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 5 (pp. 187-202)

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Global Challenges in 2030 – John Gerrard Ruggie, "Governing Transnational Corporations" (pp. 8-9).

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Global Challenges in 2030 – Daniel W. Drezner, "Regulating Global Complexity" (pp. 14-15).

-    Sinn, Hans-Werner. 2008. "Why Banking Crises Happen." The International Economy 22, 2: 60-61. http://www.international-economy.com/Summer2008archive.htm

 

11/23, 11/25: No Class: THANKSGIVING BREAK

 

11/28: The North-South Gap: Theory and Reality

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 7 (pp. 259-278)

 

11/30: Bridging The North-South Gap? Growth and Development

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 7 (pp. 278-305)

 

12/2, 12/5, 12/7: Transboundary Issues: Energy and the Environment

-    Goldstein & Pevehouse, Chapter 8 (pp. 308-344)

-    Snow, Chapter 2: "Resource Scarcity: Oil, The Lubricant That Corrodes"

-    Snow, Chapter 13: "Global Warming: Facing the Problem After Copenhagen"

 

12/9: REVIEW for FINAL EXAM

 

12/13: FINAL EXAM at 9:00 a.m.